FCI-Standard N°212 / 09. 01.
1999 / GB
ORIGIN: Northern Russia and Siberia
Nordic Kennel Union (NKU)
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID
Sledge- and companion dog
Group 5 Spitz and primitive
Section 1 Nordic sledge dogs. Without
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY:
The name Samoyed derives from the Samoyed Tribes in Northern Russia
and Siberia. In
Southern parts of the area they used white, black and brown
parti-coloured dogs as reindeer herders ; in the northern parts the
dogs were pure white, had a mild temperament and were used as
hunting- and sledge dogs. The Samoyed dogs lived close to their
owners, they even slept within the shelters and were used as
heaters. The British zoologist Ernest Kilburn Scott spent three
months among Samoyed Tribes in 1889. Returning to England he
brought with him a brown male puppy called « Sabarka ». Later he
imported a cream coloured bitch called « Whitey Petchora » from
the western side of the Urals and a snow white male called « Musti »
from Siberia. These few dogs and those brought by the explorers are
the base for the western Samoyed. The first standard was written in
England in 1909.
Medium in size, elegant, a white Arctic Spitz. In appearence gives
the impression of power, endurance, charm,
suppleness, dignity and self-confidence. The expression, the so
called « Samoyed Smile », is made up of a combination of eye shape
and position, and the slightly curved up corners of the mouth. The
sex should be clearly stamped.
The length of the body is approximately 5% more than the height at
the withers. The depth of the body is slightly less than the half of
the height at the withers. The muzzle is approximately as long as
BEHAVIOUR AND TEMPERAMENT:
Friendly, open, alert and lively. The hunting instinct is very
slight. Never shy nor aggressive. Very social and cannot be used
as guard dog.
Powerful and wedge-shaped.
viewed from the front and in profile only slightly convex. Broadest
between the ears. Slightly visible furrow between the eyes.
Stop: Clearly defined but not too prominent.
Nose: Well developed,
preferably black. During some periods of the year the pigment of
the nose can fade to a so called « winter nose » ; there must
however always be dark pigment at the edges of the nose.
Muzzle: Strong and deep, approximately as long as the skull,
gradually tapering towards the nose, neither snipey nor heavy and
square. The bridge of the nose is straight.
Lips: Close fitting, black and rather full. The corners of
the mouth are slightly curved forming the characteristic « Samoyed
Jaws/Teeth: Regular and complete scissor bite. The teeth and
the jaws are strong. Normal dentition.
Eyes: Dark brown in colour, well-set in the sockets, placed
rather apart, somewhat slanting and almond-shaped. The expression
is « smiling », kind, alert and intelligent. The eyerims are black.
Ears: Erect, rather small, thick, triangular and slightly
rounded at the tips. They should be mobile, set high ; due to the
broad skull well apart.
Strong and of medium length with a proud carriage.
Slightly longer than the height at the withers, deep and compact but
Withers: Clearly defined.
Back: Of medium length, muscular and straight ; in females
slightly longer than in males.
Loin: Short, very strong and defined.
Croup: Full, strong, muscular and slightly sloping.
Chest: Broad, deep and long, reaching almost to the elbows.
The ribs are well sprung.
Underline: Moderate tuck-up.
Set rather high. When the dog is alert and in
motion the tail is carried bent from the root forward over the back
or side, but may be hanging at rest, then reaching to the hocks.
appearance: Well placed and muscular with strong bones. Viewed
from the front straight and parallel.
Shoulder: Long, firm and sloping.
Upper arm: Oblique and close to the body. Approximately as
long as the shoulder.
Elbow: Close to the body.
Carpus: Strong but supple.
Metacarpus (Pastern): Slightly oblique.
Fore Feet: Oval with long toes, flexible and pointing
straight forward. Toes arched and not too tightly knit. Elastics
appearance: Viewed from behind straight and parallel with very
Upper thigh: Of medium length, rather broad and muscular.
Stifle: Well angulated.
Hocks: Rather low and well angulated.
Metatarsus: Short, strong, vertical and parallel.
Hindfeet: As front feet. The dewclaws should be removed.
Powerful, free and tireless in appearance with long stride. Good
reach in the forequarters and good driving power in the
Profuse, thick, flexible and dense polar coat. The Samoyed is a
double coated dog with short, soft and dense undercoat and longer,
more harsh and straight outer coat. The coat should form a ruff
around the neck and shoulders framing the head, especially in
males. On head and on front of legs, hair is short and smooth ; on
outside of ears short, standing off and smooth. Inside the ears
should be well furred. On back of the thighs the hair forms
trousers. There should be a protective growth of hair between the
toes. The tail should be profusely covered with hair. The coat of
the female is often shorter and softer in texture than that of the
male. The correct coat texture should always have a special
Pure white, cream or white with biscuit. (The basic colour to
be white with a few biscuit markings.) Should never give the
impression of being pale brown.
Height at withers: Ideal height:
male 57 cm with a tolerance of
3 cm and females 53 cm with a tolerance of
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault
and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should
be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health
and welfare of the dog.
Visible faults in structure.
Males not masculine and females not feminine.
Double twisted tail.
on the legs.
Badly bow-legged or cow hocked.
or short coated throughout, long, soft or coat hanging down.
Aggresive or overly shy.
Eyes blue or of different colours.
Overshot or undershot bite.
Ears not erect.
colour other than permitted in the standard.
Any dog clearly showing
physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended
into the scrotum.